How to Grow Beans In Containers
Beans are sweet tasting vegetables that are full of nutrition and vitamins. Those who are predisposed to osteoporosis will benefit in eating beans for they do not alter the balance of calcium in the body. There are many varieties of beans that you can choose from when you plan growing beans in containers.
There are a lot of things you have to consider when growing beans in pots. Choose your preferred variety of beans, as there are a lot of them. Your pot or container must be placed in a sunny location, preferably near a trellis, mesh or chicken-wire fence.
Beans placed by an arch are also preferred by some because crops will easily hang from the arch and can be harvested easily. These can be good for those will very little garden space to spare. If you do not have them, you can easily build a wigwam or a Maypole inside the pot. Always make sure that you have enough support system for your plant to grow, or your crops will just go to waste.
Choosing your container for your home grown Beans
Your container should be chosen carefully when growing beans in containers. Your pot must be large and deep enough to accommodate both plant and support system. A container that is 12 inches in diameter can hold in 9 beans.
The bottom of your container must have enough holes in them to promote drainage. Too much water can cause root rot and often kill plants. Retained water also decreases the resistance of your plant against disease. You do not have to buy a fancy container for growing beans in pots.
A builder’s pail that is 2 feet high and 2 feet in diameter will do perfectly for 6-8 seeds as long as you give them enough support to climb on. The bottom must be lined with small pebbles or small pieces of small clay pots to promote better drainage.
Beans require loamy soil as it holds moisture but drains well. Mix it with a good amount of mature compost or compost manure to give it enough nutrients for your plant to grow. Usually, Your soil must have a temperature of 50F in or higher order for the seeds to germinate. Lower temperatures will not only slow germination but also cause your seeds to rot.
Growing Beans at home from Seeds
You can either buy seeds from a local garden store or have the seeds from crops bought from a local farmer’s market. Never use seeds that are dried or from a vegetable that you bought in the grocery store. The seeds are either treated not to sprout, or the yield is mass-produced resulting to a crop that has a dull taste. Sow your seeds as after the last frost so they can get the benefit of the summer sun or around September-October so you can produce a yield up to January.
As a requirement in growing beans in containers, place several poles in the soil. You can place up to 6 poles in the container, making them meet each other at the top and tying them together. Plant the seeds one by one by sowing them into the soil 1- 1 ½ inches deep. A spacing of 6 inches per crop is advised although you can place up to 3 seeds by each pole as long as you keep 6 inches between sets.
Cover your seeds with soil and water them, taking extra care not to hose down your seeds.
Germination usually starts between 2-10 days depending on the variety of beans that you have chosen. Beans are not natural climbers; you have to teach them how to clime the trellis or your wigwam by twining the vines gently and delicately once they reach the length of 2 inches. Take care not to bruise them as it can kill the vines.
Looking after your Bean Seedlings
Always make sure that you water your crops by giving them an inch of water regularly every week to maintain the root integrity. If the weather is extremely warm, protect your crops by mulching the surface of the soil with moss or compost.
You can start harvesting your crops once the yield has reached about 4 inches. A far too mature crop will be tasteless and woody. Do not be stingy with harvesting as they will produce more if you harvest more.
Fungus common disease problem that you will encounter while growing beans in containers. You can remedy this by making sure that your soil has been properly treated prior to sowing. Another way is to keep them in a sunny spot without overwatering them. A spray and a drizzle of compost tea will help keep your crops healthy while growing beans in pots. Pests like beetles, aphids, and maggots are also a problem you have to face.
There are some organic remedies that you can buy in your local gardening store to help you solve them. Other times, they can be easily handpicked and eliminated to protect your plant. It is very important to inspect your crops regularly to spot any disease or pest problems before they get out of hand.